When you know one-day that you have patches of dry skin o-n the body It's difficult not to be concerned. It may be painful and disfiguring, particularly when the patches appear on exposed areas of your system, such as for instance your hands and face. For the most part, dry intermittent skin is frequently only momentary and responds well to home treatment measures. This article will demonstrate the more prevalent reasons for dry intermittent skin, along with how to avoid or handle them.

1. Ichthyosis

Ichthyosis actually suggests 'fish skin', and can be known as 'fish-scale disease' or 'fish-skin disease.' Harlequin Ichthyosis is marked by scaly patches of dry skin that may occur anywhere within the body. The scaly patches vaguely resemble the scales of the fish. There's currently no way to avoid ichthyosis, but ap-plication of moisturizers might help increase the skin's condition.

2. Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is frequently called 'eczema,' and will be the most frequent type of dermatitis. It runs in several individuals and is heritable. The skin is unusually sensitive and painful to allergens and irritants in food and the environment, delivering red, flaky dry skin. Atopic dermatitis does occur more commonly in infants, where it usually strikes the cheeks. Much like Ichthyosis Vulgaris, moisturizers can help alleviate the signs, and over-the-counter steroid creams may also be helpful. Avoiding known allergens is also a superb idea.

3. Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin condition marked by a rapid development of skin. Skin cells often simply take 28 days to move from the hypodermis (the lowest portion of the skin) to the skin (the surface of the skin), where they die. With psoriasis, this pattern is compressed into a mere day or two, resulting in large amounts of dry patchy skin which flake off. Psoriasis is often treatable by daily luke-warm baths or showers, cleansers and mild soaps, and moisturizers.

4. Neurodermatitis

Neurodermatitis is just a kind of dermatitis that is aggravated by scratching. Often your skin becomes so dry and scratchy that you scratch it on impulse. The scratching makes the dry skin worse, until it develops an itchy patch of dry skin, making it heavier and even itchier. Neurodermatitis frequently can not heal until you keep yourself from scratching, and this can be done by putting a bandage over the affected area. Agents also can help relieve the itch.

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5. Nummular Eczema

Nummular eczema is a form of rash that triggers coin-shaped patches on-the skin. While its cause is as yet not known, it has been found to be associated with the winter season and dry skin. Its condition is found to enhance with faithful application of moisturizers and prescription-strength cortisone ointments. Prevention of wool clothing and not using cloth softeners in the laundry also can help relieve the symptoms. It's frequently best to possess the nummular eczema checked by your physician in order to reach a more specific, successful treatment.

6. Seborrheic Eczema

Seborrheic eczema is better known as that frustrating crown issue, 'dandruff.' While the patches of dry skin appear most often on the crown, they can also arise on the eyebrows, the face, in the armpits, the genitals, and around the navel; everywhere the oil glands are more focused. It's often brought on by stress, oily skin, rare washing, and use of soaps with alcohol. Dandruff can be treated with the common dandruff shampoos-leave the shampoo in your hair-for five minutes to make sure the medication reaches the crown. More serious cases of seborrheic eczema often merit a trip for the doctor.

Other causes include overexfoliating, overuse of Retin-A, and using creams that have alcohol. Overexfoliating may take its toll on your skin by drying it too carefully. Retin-An also will dry out the skin, and while it can benefit the skin with mild, managed use, it can shrivel the skin and cause wrinkles when used an excessive amount of. Alcohol even offers a drying effect on the skin.

Solutions include drinking enough water to keep the skin hydrated (8 glasses per day is enough), resisting the urge to pick, damage, or peel in the dry patchy skin (it could open fissures in the skin, tempting infection), and avoiding any skin services and products that have alcohol.

The rule of thumb is always to start to see the medical practitioner once the dry patchy skin does occur suddenly and without notice. It may be a sign of an even more serious condition of the skin. Also, see your physician when the dry intermittent skin fails to react to home treatment. A biopsy may be authorized by your doctor (going for a small piece of your skin and analyzing it under a microscope) to determine the precise reason for your condition.


'Jenna' had an issue. She had gone to more than 10 physicians, yet nobody can identify the cause of the cracked, peeling skin on her legs. They were extremely painful, especially at night, and made her skin look like it were made of fish scales instead of human flesh.

Finally, a physician identified keratosis diffusa fetalis, a rare skin condition that produces skin so dry and scaly it literally seems to participate in another species. In reality, the phrase comes from the old Greek root ichthys, this means, not surprisingly, fish. As the severity of ichthyosis can vary from individual to individual, Jenna's case was clearly quite severe.

'It was usually just plain agony,' says Jenna, 28. 'My legs hurt really poorly and when I used to put them up in bandages through the night the bandages would adhere to my legs, which makes it excruciatingly painful to peel off.

'Whenever I would go clubbing I'd pray the lights would stay off, as I was too ashamed for anyone to see my legs. They looked definitely ugly, and I'd keep them completely hidden through the day because I thought therefore ashamed.'

Finally, a physician identified ichthyosis, a rare skin condition that produces skin therefore dry and scaly it actually seems to participate in still another species. Actually, the word originates from the old Greek origin ichthys, meaning, unsurprisingly, fish. As the intensity of ichthyosis can vary from individual to individual, Jenna's case was clearly very severe.

What's Ichthyosis?

In people with typical skin, the outer layer, or the skin, contains cells which can be continually dividing and then being shed. People with ichthyosis, however, often have skin cells which reproduce at an alarming rate that is a lot quicker than they can be shed, or scales that do not shed at all, therefore causing a build-up of skin.

The consequence of this usually genetic skin condition is the cells stack up on top of the other person, making a thick, scaly appearance. Sometimes, in extreme cases such as Jenna's, the skin becomes almost unbearably dry and cracks, and may even limit movement. Often the legs are affected, although sometimes the hands and arms are as well.

The problem is because this illness is fairly rare, many health practitioners and also some dermatologists may well not recognize it for what it's, therefore giving the wrong treatment - or prescribing no treatment at all.

There are several major types of ichthyosis, including:

  • Hereditary Ichthyosis Vulgaris. The most frequent kind, affecting about 95 percent of people with ichthyosis. Skin may appear normal when a kid exists but symptoms often appear by age five at the latest. All areas of the body could be affected, and is often related to atopic dermatitis. It's believed that at least anyone in every 300 in the United States has this disorder to varying degrees, and sex and race are insignificant. A kid of a parent with the disorder features a one-in two chance of having it as well.

  • Acquired Ichthyosis. This type of the problem is obtained, whilst the name suggest and often appears in adulthood. It's very rare and is often related to taking certain drugs or as the sufferer comes with an underlying medical or other problem, such as HIV/AIDS, leprosy, certain types of cancer or glandular problems. Severely poor diet may also play a role in whether an individual acquires ichthyosis.

  • Harlequin Ichthyosis. A congenital condition where a child comes into the world with thick skin all over his or her body, which triggers and in the course of time breaks deep, painful fissures. As both parents should be carriers extremely unusual, the likelihood of having it are just one-in a million. Many young ones born with this problem die soon after they are born due to loss in water, if they survive the life span expectancy isn't very high.

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Signs and Signs

Although it is relatively frequent, as mild forms are easy to confuse with other skin problems, it could be problematic for doctors to diagnose ichthyosis. However, as conditions such as eczema in many cases are treated with steroids, to which ichthyosis doesn't respond (see below), it's very important to have the correct diagnosis.

Here are some signs to watch out for if you believe you or your children have Ichthyosis Vulgaris, the most common kind:

  • Scaling on the front-of the legs

  • Scaling to the back of the arm

  • Scaling on-the back or scalp

  • Scaling o-n forehead and cheeks, which will be more prominent in children of the younger age

Take into account that there are also certain aspects of your body which are not suffering from the problem, so if you have itchy, scaly skin in these places there is an excellent chance it is something else. These places are: the abdomen, face, front of neck, and folds in front of knees and elbows (which often are prime areas for eczema ).

Treatment Options

Usually constant therapy is required to keep the scaling under control and make the patient feel much more comfortable in her or his own skin, while ichthyosis vulgaris may improve with age. Frequently a two-pronged approach is taken, one an emollient or lotion to moisten the skin, the other an ointment to stop the moisture from evaporating and making the skin dry out even more.

While other alternatives are put into place to take-off the tough scales and reveal softer skin, usually alpha-hydroxy acids are used to hydrate. Salicylic acid is commonly used, what you would use would be determined by the advice of your doctor. Steroids do not usually help even though topical retinoids may be useful.

In Jenna's case, she was encouraged to apply both a lotion and cream many times each day, and to wrap her legs in cellophane every evening once they were sufficiently creamed. Inside a few months her condition improved to the point where the scales were no longer visible at all. 'I actually have been returned my life,' she says.

The info in this article is not meant to substitute for the medical experience and assistance of your health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any conclusions about treatment or care an appropriate health care provider.


For some inexplicable reason a human gene may mutate that will result in the birth of what's a so-called 'Snake Baby.' The mutation can cause a skin disease called Harlequin type ichthyosis that might bring about a severe deformation of the physical features of the baby due to the crack of the skin which really seem like the scales of a snake.

Upon birth, the child might suffer a lot of pain since the breaking of your skin includes injuries and bleeding. The eyes are huge and are reddish in color making them seem like the eyes of 'aliens' that you simply can see in the films. In addition to that, they are also bleeding. The nose might be absent leaving only two holes in the place where it ought to be. The same happens to the ears. The mouth is curved and large enough to be called 'typical' for a new-born baby; it resembles the mouth of the snake, too.

The worst thing is, the newborn daughter or son has only a day or two to live. Serious bacterial infection is probable the cause of the sudden death or the failure in respiratory system. There are issues in-the internal organs of the infant making it hard to live.

The primary reported incident could be traced back since 1750 when a reverend in Charlestown, South Carolina was called to bless or anoint a dying child. He made a confession afterwards that he'd put up a tiny volume to help the family. and witnessed a pitiful creature that needs medical help

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While it was burdensome for medical science to handle such disease due to lack of research and services, the same situation happen in 1984 when a woman gave birth to just one more harlequin child. From the intervention of science, the child survived making her the earliest of all harlequin disease survivors--she is currently 26 years old.

Although, the others are skeptical about this, there are documentaries which can show that there were harlequin births. Actually, the reported cases may possibly reach around 400 cases of harlequin births, nevertheless, only a few survived longer and only one heir reaches still lives. and 26 years-old

Ichthyosis Vulgaris Infection is not merely a disease; it is a mutation of human genes. Ergo, age and race have nothing regarding it and everyone can have it. Even though, there are modern facilities to assist health practitioners recognize a disease such as this, the very thought of giving birth to some child scares all parents.


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    June 2013